Download Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 1 by Donald P. Hartmann, Brenda L. Roper (auth.), Benjamin B. PDF

By Donald P. Hartmann, Brenda L. Roper (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin (eds.)

Psychologists have lengthy been drawn to the issues of youngsters, yet within the final two decades this curiosity has elevated dramatically. The in­ tensified specialize in medical baby psychology displays an elevated trust that many grownup difficulties have their starting place in formative years and that early remedy is frequently more beneficial than therapy at later a while, however it additionally turns out to mirror an elevated feeling that kids are inherently very important of their personal correct. because of this shift in emphasis, the variety of guides in this subject has increased to the level that even full-time experts haven't been capable of continue abreast of all new advancements. Researchers within the extra simple fields of kid psychol­ ogy have various annual courses and journals to combine study of their parts, yet there's a marked want for such an integra­ tive e-book within the utilized phase of kid and developmental psychology. Advances in medical baby Psychology is a serial book designed to assemble unique summaries of crucial advancements every year within the box. every one bankruptcy is written through a key determine in an cutting edge region of study or perform or by means of someone who's rather good certified to touch upon a subject matter of significant modern significance. every one writer has the stan­ dard layout during which his or her region of study used to be reviewed and the scientific implications of the reports have been made explicit.

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Finally, while we have developed an adequate outcome-assessment technology, new demands now are being placed on investigators, particularly for cost-efficiency information. , Struening & Guttentag, 1975). In this chapter, we have attempted to highlight the primary issues in the conduct of outcome research in child psychotherapy. Our justification for this emphasis is simple: there is a need for outcome studies, and those studies that have attempted to fill this need are typically flawed and hence theoretically and practically ambiguous.

In many cases, the goals of the respective parties coincide. In others, they do not, and the researcher must decide which perspectives to consider. 2. Global versus Specific Measures Therapist improvement-ratings are perhaps the most often used and the most global of dependent measures. Therapist improvement- ALTERNATIVE MODES OF CHILD PSYCHOTHERAPY 19 ratings have a long, but checkered history in psychotherapy research. They are supposed to avoid some of the problems associated with raw change scores, they avoid the ceiling or floor effects found with other measures, and they can be applied to any patient with any problem (Mintz, 1972; Luborsky, 1971).

Recommendations for a more extensive assessment of a variety of other therapist variables-including empathy, warmth, and genuineness-have been made by Fiske et al. (1970). 18 DONALD P. HARTMANN ET AL. 4. Choice of Measures Discussions of measurement in psychotherapy-outcome research typically emphasize measurement of the dependent variable. However, as previous sections of this chapter have suggested, important measurement issues also confront the comparative-psychotherapy researcher in the assessment of independent or treatment variables, as well as in the assessment of therapist and patient variables.

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