By Philip Haythornthwaite, Bryan Fosten
Within the later 18th century the Austrian artillery were the best in Europe, and used to be held up for instance to the realm. After the appointment of Prince Liechtenstein as Director-General of Artillery in 1744, he validated an artillery institution at Budweis and redesigned the ordnance to provide lighter and extra manoeuvrable weapons. Philip Haythornwaite's interesting textual content examines the famed Austrian artillery and different expert troops of the Napoleonic Wars, reading their agency and uniforms in a quantity whole with a wealth of accompanying illustrations, together with 8 complete web page color plates via Bryan Fosten.
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Within the later 18th century the Austrian artillery have been the best in Europe, and was once held up for example to the area. After the appointment of Prince Liechtenstein as Director-General of Artillery in 1744, he confirmed an artillery institution at Budweis and redesigned the ordnance to supply lighter and extra manoeuvrable weapons.
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Extra resources for Austrian Specialist Troops Of The Napoleonic Wars
After his account of the imperial coronation of Charlemagne in Book IV, however, he diverged ever further from the Revised Version of the Annales regni francorum which have been his base text hitherto, to such an extent that I suspect he had access only to a text of the annals running to 801, that is the section actually revised. There is a great deal of material in the fourth book, covering the last years of Charlemagne’s life, which is not to be found elsewhere. 94 Yet the Poeta Saxo’s own purpose was distinct, and he used his sources to enable him to stress the conversion of the Saxons rather than their conquest, and to paint an idealized and apostolic portrait of the mighty emperor.
Wattenbach, W. Levison and H. Lo¨we, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter: Vorzeit und Karolinger II. Heft Die Karolinger vom Anfang des 8. Jahrhunderts bis zum Tode Karls des Großen (Weimar, 1953), pp. 245–54 at p. ’ 32 Charlemagne Frankish kings who was, for the most part, very well informed about the central affairs of the Frankish kingdoms. He wrote, moreover, from a court, rather than from a monastic, perspective. 107 Thus I do not propose to challenge the nineteenthcentury label, provided it is understood that this is descriptive of the content and form of the text, though the question of the court connections of the authors is closely linked to the way in which the annals have survived.
That of course is something that has to be done, as I have indicated above, and is certainly interesting in itself. It is essential, however, to move to the next stage and to think in terms not so much of how particular texts influenced subsequent authors but more of what these authors did to these texts and how they used them. Further, does Einhard, the Astronomer, or the Poeta Saxo need to have a single specific textual source for the information he includes? Could each not also have benefited from the same sources – personal memory, written records and other narratives, oral communication of other people’s memories and information, gossip and so on – as the Reviser?